Depression is a mood disorder. It is defined as negative emotions such as sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with daily activities. It’s also fairly common; between 15% and 20% reported having depressive symptoms.
While depression and grief share some characteristics, depression is distinct from suffering experienced after losing a loved one or sadness experienced following a traumatic life event. Depression is frequently associated with self-loathing or a loss of self-esteem, whereas grief is not.
Positive emotions and pleasant memories of the deceased frequently accompany feelings of emotional pain during grief. Major depressive disorder is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness.
Individuals experience depression in unique ways. It may cause disruptions in your daily routine, resulting in lost time and decreased productivity. Additionally, it can affect relationships and certain chronic health conditions.
Everyone experiences sad and upsetting events. However, if you are frequently depressed or hopeless, you may be suffering from depression. It’s critical to recognize that experiencing sadness is a natural part of life.
Symptoms and signs in general
Not everyone who suffers from depression will exhibit the same symptoms. Symptoms vary in severity, frequency of occurrence, and duration.
If you have experienced at least one of the following signs or symptoms of depression nearly every day for at least two weeks, you may be depressed:
a sense of sadness, anxiety, or “emptiness.”
a sense of hopelessness, worthlessness, and pessimism
Weeping frequently, feeling irritated, annoyed, or angry, and losing interest in hobbies and interests you previously enjoyed
a lack of energy or fatigue
difficulties with concentration, memory, and decision-making
Slower movement or speech difficulty sleeping, early morning awakening, or oversleeping changes in appetite or weight
chronic physical pain that has no identifiable cause and does not improve with treatment (headaches, aches or pains, digestive problems, cramps)
Suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, self-harm, or attempted suicide
Males, females, adolescents, and children all experience depression differently.
You may find that one type of treatment is sufficient to manage your symptoms, or you may discover that a combination of treatments is most effective. You may benefit from medication, psychotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy, and alternative therapies.